May 8th, 2011, 1:00 am

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raluca-z, April 30th, 2011, 6:12 am     Reply

On schooling in the 19th century

In Valachia in the 19th century the rate of literacy was extremly low especially in the rural areas. If in the cities well-off families could either afford to hire tutors for their offsprings or send them to various academies (state financed schools, which came into being around 1850s)where they could receive proper education worthy of their social status, in the countryside things were not that simple.

The only people who knew how to read and write were priests. This is why every mother's dream for her boys was to become a priest, to have a status in the community and to access higher education. However orthodox priest unlike the catholic ones were allowed to marry and led a rather normal life. (Had a family, a household like any other peasant in the village).

Village priests would organize these sort of informal schools where they would teach children how to read, write and be good Cristians. There's one particular piece of literature, "Amintiri din copilarie" (Childhood memories)by Ion Creanga that depicts this world of countryside schools in Moldavia (pretty similar to what happened at the time in Vallachia). In this case the priest character is named as a tribute to the writer of "Amintiri din copilarie", Creanga (branch of a tree), Ramurica (twig)

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